How to Change a Car Tyre | A Step-By-Step Guide?

Tires are one of the most important components of your car. They provide grip on the road and keep your car moving forward. However, like everything else in life, tires need to be replaced from time to time. This guide will show you how to change a car tyre step-by-step, so you can do it yourself without any problems.

What Is A Tyre?

A tyre is a large and thin rubber sheet inflated to cushion a vehicle’s wheels. Each tyre has two facing surfaces – the outer surface, or tread, and the inner surface, or carcass. The tread sits on the ground while the carcass rests inside the wheel. The carcass typically contains four layers of rubber:

  • A plywood base
  • A middle layer of rubber
  • An oil-resistant layer
  • An outer layer of rubber
  • When you change a tyre, you remove the old tyre and replace it with the new one. 

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Types of Car Tyres

Mud and Snow (M&S) – Ideal for winter driving, these tyres provide traction on uneven ground while also performing well in snow and ice. Many specialist vehicles such as farm machinery use this type, although they can be fitted to cars if you live in an area where conditions are likely to be particularly bad in winter. You must also buy a portable air compressor

Temporary Spare (T.S.)

Fitted when using an emergency spare tyre, these have a simple tread pattern which makes them cheap and easy to replace when worn out. They are not suitable for standard cars.


These are similar to M&S tyres, although they have a pattern of small holes in the tread which increases traction on ice and snowy roads. They are suitable for regular use around town but should not be used for winter driving.

Race Tyres 

As the name suggests, these are next-level tyres that have been specially developed to offer higher levels of grip. They can also be more expensive than other tyres of similar performance. The most common example is racing slicks which last a very short time due to the high temperatures they generate at race speeds.

Composition or Radial Tyres

 These are now the most common type of car tyre and are made from an inner steel belt attached to a carcass. They offer high levels of grip and their pattern is designed to prevent aquaplaning.

How to Change a Car Tyre?

If you’re like most drivers, your car’s tyres are probably overdue for a change. But changing a tyre can seem daunting – especially if you’re unfamiliar with the process. Fear not. We’re here to guide you through it step-by-step.

Here’s what you’ll need:

  • A jack and lug wrench
  • A tyre iron or similar tool
  • Carabiner or similar device to hold the tyre while you change it
  • A bucket or suitable container to store the old tyre and new one
  • Spare wheel (if necessary)

Step 1: Locate and remove the wheel nuts: The first step is locating and removing the wheel nuts. In most cars, these will be located on the front of the car near the tyres. Use your jack and lug wrench to remove them. Make sure to keep the wheel in place while you do this!

Step 2: Remove the wheel. Be careful when you start to remove the wheel – it’s heavy! Once it’s free, gently swing it away from the car and set it down carefully. Note: If your car has air suspension, make sure to disconnect the air

Step 3:  Check the tread depth. The tread depth is the measurement from the top of the tyre to the bottom of the tread. It’s important to ensure that the tyre has enough tread depth to grip the road surface. If there is insufficient tread depth, you may need to replace the tyre.

Step 4: Remove the wheel and tyre. To remove a wheel and tyre, you will need to remove either the steering wheel or the suspension assembly. This can be done by removing screws or bolts that hold it in place. Ensure that you keep any documentation with your car, as you may need to replace this part later.

Step 5: Remove the wheel well cover. This cover is attached with screws on some cars and can be removed easily. Once removed, use a screwdriver to pry off the armoured panel that covers the wheel nut area. Be careful not to damage the panel or your car’s paintwork. Once this panel is off, use a wrench to unscrew the wheel nut from the wheel hub (or drum if it’s a drum brake system). You may also need a socket wrench for this step, depending on


Changing a car tyre can be daunting, but with the right tools and preparation, it can be a simple process. This guide has outlined the steps you need to take to change your car tyre, including what tools you will need and when you should start preparing. Follow the tips above on how to change a car tyre and make to choose Carorbis for your tyre needs.


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